Feminine Nouns : Learning the gender of nouns can be a pain if you’re not used to it. You can halve the problem by just learning which nouns are feminine – the rest of course will be masculine! There are two ways to help with this.
2. Native speakers of languages with mutations can learn feminine nouns by ear. You can too! Take a feminine noun like ‘cath’. After ‘an’, the definite article ‘the’, certain initial letters of feminine nouns mutate so we get ‘an gath’. Certain initial letters of following adjectives also mutate after feminine nouns. The common adjectives ‘broas’ (big) and ‘bian’ (small) do so, becoming ‘vroas’ and ‘vian’. To a native speaker ‘An gath vroas’ would sound right, and * ‘An cath broas’ would sound wrong. So try getting the following patterns into your ears by repeating them out loud.